HSE 150 QUESTION ANSWERS. ADDED ADVANTAGE TO YOUR KNOWLEDGE1...

HSE 150 QUESTION ANSWERS. ADDED ADVANTAGE TO YOUR KNOWLEDGE

  1. What is Safety? It is a condition which gives you freedom from hazard, risk, accident which may cause injury, damage and loss to material or property damage and even death.
  2. What is accident? It is an unexpected or unplanned event which may or may not result in injury or damage or property loss or death.
  3. What is injury? It is defined as a harmful condition sustained by the body as a result of an accident.
  4. What is hazard? Inherent property of a substance or an occurrence which has potential to cause loss or damage property, person or environment.
  5. What is risk? In probability of the realization of potential for loss or damage or injury. 6.What is incident? It is an event which represents deviation from the intended sequence of designed steps.
  6. What is safety policy? Any company has a social and legal obligation to provide a safe and health working environment to all his improvement to all his employees.
  7. What is safety audit? The safety audit is the process that identifies un-safe conditions and unsafe acts the plant and recommended safety improvement. Walk through It evaluates the unsafe condition notice able to naked eye during work through the plant. ( Stores, civil work, erection work) Inter mediate-more details study and review of plant design and plant operation. Comprehensive –It evaluates the safety factors in the plant on the base engineering, analysis, testing, measurement.
  8. What is safety tag? Safety tag can be defined a surface made of card board or paper board on which English local languages letters written for warning safety instructions to employees.
  9. What is safety programme? Safety programme can be defined as five methods by which accident can be prevent easily they are engineering, education, enforcement, enthusiasm and example safety programmes are plain spoken and carry out certain legal steps.
  10. What is attitude? Attitude may be described as continuous behavior. Iif man’s behavior is good, then his action will be either correct or safe.
  11. what is emergency planning? Emergency planning can defined as a control measurer. It can control the accidents safe guard people and provide information to media.
  12. What is work permit system? Work permit system is a “ written documents” for permission to undertake a job by area in charge or it is written document issued by the area in charge to the performer to under take the specific job.
  13. What is work at height? Any work above 2 meters from ground is caused work at height.
  14. What is confined space? An area which is small and enclosed or an area where one entry and exits or where a man cannot work comfortable in any location is caused confined space.
  15. What is excavation? Marking a hole or tunnel by digging the ground by man or machine is called excavation.
  16. What is scaffolding? It is a temporary platform constructed for supporting both men and materials and working safety at a construction site.
  17. What is welding? The process of joining of metals either by electrical or by gas is called welding.
  18. What is gas cutting? The process of joining of cutting metals by using oxygen and combustible gas is called gas cutting.
  19. What is sand blasting? The process of removing rust dust, dirt, scales and old prints from the old surface using compressed air is called sand blasting.
  20. What is painting? The process after sand blasting is called painting.
  21. What is LEL? The minimum concentration of vapour, gasses and dust in air below which propagation of flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition is called LEL.
  22. What is UEL? The maximum proporation of vapour, gasses and dust in air above which proposal the flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition is called UEL.
  23. What is manual handing? The process of lifting, carrying and stacking materials by men is called manual handing.
  24. What is house keeping? Housekeeping means not only cleanness but also orderly arrangement of operations, tools, equipment’s storage facilities and suppliers.
  25. What is personal protective equipment? It is an equipment’s used to project the person from hazards such dust, dirt, fumes and sparks etc. It is the barrier between hazard and person.
  26. What is grinding? Grinder is a portable machine with a wheel guard in position to reduced the danger.
  27. What is Crane? A tall machine used for moving heavy objects by suspending them from a projecting arm with hook.
  28. What is fork lift truck? Fork lift truck are designed to handle heavy loads.
  29. What is JSA? The procedure of analyzing job for the specific purpose of finding the hazards and developing.
  30. What are the duties of a safety officer? Prepare tool box talk Prepare monthly statistics Prepare the checklist Accident reports Management meetings Arrange the safety classes/training Arrange monthly safety bulletin Inspection of fire extinguisher Arrange first aid training classes Arrange safety competitions like quiz, slogan, poster competitions exhibition etc.
  31. What are the duties of a supervisor? He has to instruct these workers about the work methods and procedures. He has to maintain discipline among the workers He has to supply necessary materials He has to control quality and cost of the job He has to guide has workers in doing a job in the correct and safe way He has to supply suitable personal protective equipment to his workers He should conduct periodical safety meetings. He should conduct safety inspection of his working area He should know about the fire fight equipments He should know investigate the accident and find out the cause of accident
  32. What are the pre cautions for welding?
  33. Remove all combustion material from the place of welding
  34. Clear the work area and cover wooden floor with fire proof mats. (Welding mechanic should be kept with in the visibility of the welders.
  35. Erect fire resistance screen around the work
  36. All welding cables should be fully insulted
  37. All welding mics shall be double earthed
  38. Welding area should be dry and free from water
  39. Keep the fire extinguisher / sand really
  40. Use leather hand gloves, goggles and helmets
  41. Switch off the power when welding is stopped
  42. Do not allow the helper to do welding
  43. Do not shift he welding cable unless the electric power is switched off.
  44. Do not allow the helper to carry the welding. Terminal of the welding cables should be provided 3-cable with lugs and kept tight.
  45. Oxygen hose in black and Acetylene hose in red in color as per standard
  46. NRV of the blow torches should be maintained properly avoid back fire
  47. Welders should be trained properly
  48. Cylinders should be stored in a cold dry place away bottom heat and direct sunlight.
  49. Proper house keeping, good ventilation in the working area
  50. Smoking should be avoided from welding area
  51. Hose connection should be proper made
  52. Barricade the work area and put a sign board
  53. Rolling of cylinders should be avoided
  54. Flash back arrestor should be attached in each cylinder
  55. Any leakage of cylinder should be kept separately
  56. What is the precaution for gas cutting?
  57. Keep fire extinguisher nearby
  58. Keep fire watch nearby
  59. Remove all combustible from work area
  60. Use all necessary PPE
  61. Never put welding gas cylinder in side a confined space
  62. Hoses shall not be laid in path ways
  63. Gas cutting torch should have flash back arrestors
  64. Gas test to be done to check for presence of flammable gas in site.
  65. Good house keeping and ventilation necessary in working area.
  66. Hose connections should be made properly
  67. What are the precaution for “sandblasting”?
  68. Compressed airline, hoses and other fitting must installment firmly without leaks the hose.
  69. Mis use compress are should be avoided
  70. A fresh air hood or mask must be worn
  71. House keeping can be done period cally
  72. Fire extinguish her shall be kept near by
  73. Dust mask ear plugs / muffs should be used
  74. No sand blasting shall be done on top of floating roof tank in service.
  75. Use goggles & face shield
  76. Sand blasting operation must be gas free
  77. What are the precaution for “painting”?
  78. All flammable material should be cleared from the work area
  79. The required protective clothing and equipment must be worn
  80. Cartridge respirators shall always be worn
  81. Adequate ventilation is necessary
  82. Adequate washing facilities must be readily available
  83. Barrier cream should be applied to the skin
  84. What are the hazards in welding? Eye injury Burn injury Arc realization Electrical shock Light arc radiation Heat, light and radiation effect Heat fume Poisonous gases Chipped price of weld metal Fire Explosion Scattering Noise Sparking Sparking Flying sand
  85. What are hazards and injuries in manual handing?
  86. Cutting fingers due to sharp edges
  87. Burns due to handing of hot articles
  88. Foot injuries due to dropped articles
  89. Slipped disc due to improper posture in lifting on object
  90. Strains to wrist or fingers
  91. Sprains, wounds hernias, fractures
  92. Cause of accidents in manual handling?
  93. Improper lifting
  94. Carrying too heavy loads
  95. Improper gripping
  96. Failure to use PPE
  97. Lifting greasy, oily and irregular objects
  98. Poor physique
  99. What precautions are need to avoid accident in manhandling?
  100. Stand at safe distance from the load
  101. Sharp edge and burns are removed before lifting a material.
  102. PPE such as safety gloves and safety shoes are to be used.
  103. If the weight is too heavy for one person to lift, then he has to seek the assistance.
  104. The pathway is not blocked by obstacles while carrying the load.
  105. The different actions, movements and forces necessary while carrying the load.
  106. Modify the task by using hooks and crow bars.
  107. Mechanical equipments like cranes shall be used.
  108. Modify the objects
  109. Change the way things are used.
  110. Tips for manuals handling?
  111. Plan
  112. Clear the path
  113. Move in close to the load
  114. Secure your grip
  115. Hold your head upright
  116. Maintain normal curves of the spine
  117. Power the lift with legs and body weight
  118. Don’t twist 42 Cause of accidents in mechanical handling?
  119. The sudden failure of wire rope or a chain
  120. Slipping of the load from the sling
  121. Swinging of the load at the time of lifting
  122. The load sometimes hits the man
  123. What are the accidents in “poor house keeping”?
  124. Men getting hit by failing from overhead
  125. Men slipping as greasy, wet or dirty floor
  126. Men failing in open tank without cover in level floor
  127. Accidents due to poor lighting
  128. Fire accidents due to faulty electrical wires
  129. What are the advantages in good house keeping?
  130. It helps in the reduction of accidents including fire accidents
  131. It saves the property damages
  132. It improves employee moral
  133. Better productivity
  134. Working area be-comes presentable
  135. Human energy is conserved
  136. Visitors are very much satisfied
  137. The burden of supervisor is reduced
  138. How to care and maintenance of hand tools?
  139. Tools must be kept clean and free from corrosion
  140. Keep metal parts lightly oiled
  141. Remove burrs from edges of tools and heads of chisels.
  142. Tools which are not in used must be stored separately
  143. A good worker regularly inspects his tools
  144. Do not use tools without handles
  145. How to prevent accidents of “power tools”?
  146. The operators should wear face shields or safety glasses
  147. Power tools should be placed in the store room after use
  148. power tools should have protected by guards
  149. Pneumatic hoses or electric cables of power tools should not pass through passage ways.
  150. The electrical power tools should be properly earthed
  151. Never horse play with hose of pneumatic tools
  152. Power tools machines should be maintained and operated properly.
  153. What are the causes of accidents of “hard tools”?
  154. Due to wrong way using of tools.
  155. Due to defective condition of tools
  156. Due to failure of using right tools for right job
  157. Due to wrong way of carrying tools
  158. Due to strong of tools un safety 48 What precautions are necessary in electrical work?
  159. All electrical installations shall be as per Standard electricity rules
  160. Only competent persons should handle the electrical equipments
  161. The equipments should be earthed properly
  162. All temporary electric lines should be drawn at least above man’s height
  163. Cable should be completely insulted
  164. Cable should not have any joints
  165. Only connection for one point
  166. Good house keeping on the area
  167. Fire protection equipment to be kept near by
  168. Use rubber gloves and rubber boots
  169. Use good quality of wire
  170. Power isolation close to the job
  171. Use three pin plug instead of loose wire
  172. Never operate any electrical equipment with wet hands
  173. Never stand wet surface while working electrical equipments
  174. During thunder storm do not stand under tree
  175. Proper sign board is necessary
  176. No person shall work on any live electrical conductor
  177. The switch shall only be put on by person who switched it off
  178. What are the hazards in construction?
  179. Fall of person from top and getting injured
  180. Fall of objects from top and below person injury
  181. Fall of materials from top and damaged
  182. Person fall into excavated pit
  183. Collapse of soil and below person get injury or may
  184. Damage of UG cables and sewage pipe
  185. Collapse of scaffolding and person fall from height, get injury
  186. Electrical shock
  187. Fire and explosion
  188. Burn injury
  189. Health and lung problems
  190. Snakes bite
  191. Poisonous gas
  192. Foreign body in eye
  193. Cause of accident in construction?
  194. Erection equipment failure
  195. Falling of persons from height
  196. Electrical shocks
  197. Improper lighting
  198. Non stop working by worker
  199. Up safe work methods
  200. Collapsing of earth during trench excavation
  201. Failure of use safety equipment
  202. Working a height without safety belt 51 General safety precautions in construction?
  203. Adequate first aid equipment should be kept ready
  204. Adequate fire fighting equipment should be available
  205. All general electrical rules should be followed
  206. suitable lighting arrangements should be necessary at night work
  207. Work men at height should be wear safety belts
  208. Work men handling cement should be provided with goggles, rubber gloves and rubber boots by nose mask.
  209. The moving parts of grinding machines used construction site should be covered with guards
  210. The moving parts of grinding machines used construction site should be covered with guards
  211. Excavated material should not kept near the excavated
  212. Very short duration of work red flags must be hoisted and more duration red banners must be stretched
  213. Defective tools should not be used
  214. The worker should not carry tools in his hands when climbing a ladder
  215. Excavation should be guarded by suitable fencing
  216. How to erect scaffolding?
  217. It should be erected on levels firm ground
  218. It erected by trained / skilled person
  219. It is constructed using metal pipes and wooden boards
  220. It should be design and constructed from good and sound material
  221. Not to be erected on loose earth
  222. Clamps should fixed
  223. Properly bracing
  224. Sole plate is necessary the base of vertical pipe
  225. Safety precaution of scaffold?
  226. Wooden board not be painted
  227. Wooden board should not to any cracks
  228. Check for rust in pipes / clamps
  229. Clamps should fixed and good quality
  230. Boards thickness should be 3.4 cms and no bending
  231. The construction must be rigid, properly based
  232. Use of good and sound materials
  233. The wooden bellies has not joints
  234. Vertical poles should not be more than 6 feet
  235. Chains, ropes used for the suspension of scaffoldings
  236. Never throw any materials from height
  237. Use safety harness while working at above 6 feet
  238. Properly ties to be arrangement 54 What control measures area necessary in confined space?
  239. Enter with air line BA sets
  240. Use 24v flame proof hand lamps
  241. A hole watch to be kept near man hole
  242. Keep fire fighting equipment ready
  243. Gas test to be done to check for oxygen level
  244. Provide blowers
  245. Don’t smoke in confined space
  246. Use ropes and harness
  247. The spaces clean before entry
  248. Use non sparking tools it there is any risk of flammable vapors being present.
  249. Safety rules when using ladders?
  250. The foot wear is not greasy, oily and muddy and has a good grip on the rungs.
  251. When climbing or coming down a ladder should be face the ladder side and had on with both hand.
  252. Carry light tools in pockets in a shoulder bag.
  253. Hold on with at least new hand if use of both hands then, use safety belt
  254. Never climb higher than the third rung from the top on straight or second tired from the top on extension ladder.
  255. Step ladder must be fully open and the divider locked
  256. Metal ladder shall not be used near electrical equipment’s.
  257. Metal ladder shall not be place on firm footing and at angle of 75
  258. Any ladder found defect in any way should be marked do not use
  259. Ladder shall not be placed on a box or drum.
  260. Rubber protection on head and heel of a ladder is necessary.
  261. Safety rules insuring oxygen cylinders?
  262. Oxygen cylinders should not be kept near combustible materials.
  263. Oxygen cylinders should not be handled with grassy hands or gloves.
  264. Oxygen cylinders and their fittings should not be tested with oil based soap solution.
  265. Oxygen cylinders and other combustible gas cylinders should not be stored together.
  266. The top cover of the cylinder should be kept in position and screwed safety when not in use.
  267. Cylinders should not be used as rollers for moving materials
  268. Oxygen must not be use for ventilating confined spaces.
  269. Safety rules in using compressed air?
  270. Only authorized persons should used compressed air.
  271. The body or clothes should not be cleaned with compressed air.
  272. Compressed air hose pipes should not be placed across passage ways
  273. Leakage of compressed air should not be tested with hands.
  274. While working with tools run by compressed air safety shoes are to be used.
  275. The tools should not be kept on position when not in use.
  276. Handling of compressed gas cylinders?
  277. They are not to be dragged or dropped
  278. They should be stored in dry and well ventilated places
  279. Chins and slings should not be used for lifting cylinders.
  280. the caps of the cylinders should not be removed when they are not the use.
  281. Cylinders should not be stored near hot sources
  282. Acetylene cylinders should not be stored horizontally
  283. Empty cylinders and fully cylinders should be stored separately
  284. Leakage cylinders removed to open space and release the gas without getting ignited.
  285. Storage of gas cylinders.
  286. Cylinders should stored in a safe, dry and well ventilated store
  287. Oxygen cylinders should be stored horizontally and acetylene cylinders shall be stored vertically.
  288. The standing cylinders should be secured properly avoid falling.
  289. Flammable gas shall be stored at least 50 feet away from another building
  290. Oxygen cylinder shall never be stored necessary flammable gas cylinder
  291. Empty cylinder shall be identified by marking with a chalk (MT) and checked for damage before returning to suppliers.
  292. Cylinders should not be kept as supports.
  293. Give a brief note about crane and LE?
  294. Only authorized and competent person should operated cranes
  295. The correct sling must be used for the load to be lifts
  296. Lifting equipment must be certified from competent authority and mark with its SWL
  297. Never be used for loads excess of its SWL
  298. Cables and slings must be padded when passing over sharp edges of equipments
  299. Check the condition of the ground before parking the crane and use out riggers
  300. All moving parts must be guarded
  301. Uncertified chains, ropes, slings and hooks should not be use
  302. All slings to be inspected by third party inspectors
  303. Never stand or work under a suspended load
  304. Place the out riggers on firms ground
  305. Guide ropes shall be used to control swing of lifted material
  306. Never operate the crane at the time of speed wing
  307. Lifting over live equipment should not be encouraged
  308. The crane should under go periodical maintenance as per manufactures 61 Give brief note about fork lift truck?
  309. Check breaks, lift tilt and tires.
  310. Check the stability of load before moving it
  311. Never leave your fork lift truck un-attend with motor running
  312. Never park fork lift truck on passage way
  313. Never drive with wet or greasy hands
  314. Always drive with a safe speed and slow down at turning point
  315. When driving without load forks about 6 inches above the floor or ground
  316. Never operate trunk in gaseous area
  317. Never carry a load so high that you can not head, If necessary operate truck in reverse
  318. Avoid carrying lose materials on forks
  319. Never allow one to go under elevated loads
  320. Warn other employees to stand clear when staking or removing materials
  321. Exhaust pipe should have flame arrestor
  322. Fork should be lowered to the floor when the truck is unattended
  323. Stay alert t all times 62 Give a brief about grinding?
  324. Proper wheel shall be used a per the grinding M/c’s specification
  325. All the grinding M/c’s shall be used with wheel guard
  326. Grinding cables shall not mingle with welding cables
  327. All the cables shall be protected from damage
  328. Provide face shield with safety helmet
  329. Never use fracture wheel
  330. Excessive tighting of maintaining is dangerous
  331. All guards should be in position before the machine operated
  332. The speed of the grinding should match in the speeds of the grinding machines
  333. Only skill person should be handle this work
  334. Testing of wheel is necessary 63 Describe about vehicles and plants?
  335. All vehicles requiring security vehicles pass
  336. All drivers should have valid driving licence
  337. Drivers should not use fork lift trucks for carrying passengers
  338. All traffic regulations and speed limit should be strictly followed in side the plant area
  339. All vehicles area in a road worthy condition
  340. Vehicles park in the operation area must always unlocked with in ignition key in position 64 Precaution of excavation?
  341. Excavation area should be suitable barricade
  342. Put sign boards lights and flags
  343. Avoid heavy vehicle coming near the sides
  344. PPE like helmet, safety shoes should be used
  345. Keep the excavated soil at least 5 feet distance
  346. Excavated sides should be sloped bake to a safe angle
  347. Hand excavation should be done at the present of UG pipes or cables place
  348. Cutting shall be done from top to bottom
  349. All narrow trenches 4 feet or more deep shall be supplied at least one ladder
  350. While excavating on the slope on the slope whose height is over 10 feet men should use safety belts. 65 What are advantages of JSA? ( Job safety Analysis)
  351. It helps to identify hazards and prevent accident
  352. It helps to establish safe work method, working conditions and suitable plant safety rules
  353. It helps to asses the safety training four heading can be used for JSA.
  354. It helps to inspection the plant a) Name of operation for JSA b) Description of the operation c) Hazards d) Precautions 66 What is tool box talk?
  355. Job related safety aspects
  356. Job related hazards / risk
  357. Control / preventive measure
  358. Adequacy of PPE’s / condition
  359. Following safety rules / procedures
  360. Safe work procedures / methods 67 Describe different types of hazards?
  361. Mechanical hazards --- in adequately guarded machines parts
  362. Chemical hazards --- of toxemic gasses, vapours, fumes, smoke in dust.
  363. Electrical hazards: in adequately insulated line wires
  364. Fire hazards – chemical reaction, electrical Arcs
  365. Radiation hazards – dazzing light in fraved rays ultra violet rays
  366. Pollution --- water pollution & noise pollution 68 What is inspection?
  367. Inspection means to fin out hazards according to checklist prepared with reference to the department operations by the people who are familiar with the plant. 69 Plant safety inspection by whom? Safety officer By line management personal By senior management personnel First line supervisor By maintenance engineers By workers By safety committee By statutory authorites 70 How many types inspection? There are 5 types inspection ; ( supervisor)
  368. Continuous inspection – select employees / operator
  369. Periodical Inspection – material storage, fire fighting equipments, handling equipments
  370. Intermittent inspection – un announced inspection done by safety officer, safety committee. ( Particular work spot)
  371. Statutory inspection – storage area, location at height ( cranes, ropes, chains, it my tackles inspection)
  372. Special inspection – accident investigation Inspection of new building, general lighting, use of PPE’s etc. construction work. 71 What is safety management? Safety management is an act and science of setting safety objectives of the industrial company. 72 What is accident investigation? Accident investigation means to carried out immediately the occurrence of accident to find out real facts to avoid the future accident. 73 What is accident statistics? It means to maintenance of accident details 74 How to investigate an accidents? Injured persons name, address, designation age Exact place and types of hazards Date, shift, time To find out the causes/ reasons To take correction action Fact finding not fault finding 75 How to report an accident?
  373. Date and time
  374. Activity
  375. What happened
  376. Person involved
  377. What went wrong
  378. Causes
  379. Corrective action suggested
  380. Signature
  381. Safety officer
  382. Safety in charge
  383. Project manager 76 What is accident prevention? Accident prevention may be defined as an integrated programme and directed to control un safe mechanical or physical condition. 77 Role of management in industrial safety?
  384. A written safety policy be issued by the management’s towards men, material and machines.
  385. The safety policy should bring out the management’s towards men, material machine.3
  386. The safety policy should be circulated to top, middle and to workers
  387. Management meeting should be in a position
  388. Management should arrange for safety inspection ( once in 3 months ) and safety audit ( once in year) to be carried out. 78 Give a brief note about safety policy?
  389. The safety and heath of all employees is one of prime concerned of the company.
  390. Every company will be require to the policy both in letter and in spirit.
  391. the company shall comply straightly with act, laws, rules and regulations
  392. The company shall impart raining in health safety and occupational health to all employees.
  393. The company will adopt own safety and health standards where laws may not be available. 79 Safety in the use of hand trucks?
  394. the truck should be inspected
  395. The axles should be greased well
  396. Safety shoes should be work by the operators.
  397. The load should be balanced and the weight of the load should not fall on the axle
  398. The hard cart should not be wider than the width of the hand truck.
  399. The hard cart should be pushed and not pulled
  400. The truck should not be placed on path ways. 80 How many types of safety? There are three types of safety. a. Plant safety b. Workers safety 3. Consumer safety
  401. Human factors causing accidents?
  402. Carelessness
  403. Fooling bout it
  404. Hurrying to increase production
  405. Laziness in house keeping
  406. Hurrying in Lunchtime
  407. Lack of attention due to worry
  408. Alcohol and drugs
  409. Lack of skill and experience
  410. Not using PPE
  411. How many steps in safety? There are 4 steps in safety
  412. Policy
  413. Implementation
  414. Take advantages of factory act
  415. Safe working conditions.
  416. Write causes of accidents? Direct cause: Unsafe act and unsafe condition. Indirect Cause:
  417. Lack of knowledge or skill
  418. Improper attitude
  419. Physical or mental deficiency
  420. Give some examples about unsafe act?
  421. Operating any equipment without properly authority
  422. Failure to warning
  423. Operating at unsafe speed
  424. Failure to use PPE
  425. Using hands instead of tools and equipment
  426. Unsafe loading or placing or stacking
  427. Unsafe position/ posture
  428. Working on moving equipment’s
  429. Wearing loose clothes while working on running machine
  430. Working at height without safety belt
  431. Give some examples about un safe conditions?
  432. Un guarded machine/ equipment
  433. Poor lighting
  434. Narrow road
  435. Improper stacking
  436. Oil on floor
  437. Unsafe ventilation
  438. Unsafe defective construction
  439. Defective condition of tools and equipment
  440. Unsafe method or procedure
  441. Bad housekeeping
  442. Write about accident sequence? A personal injury occurs only as the result of an accidents An accident occurs only as the result of a unsafe action or un safe mechanical or physical conditions or both. Unsafe action or unsafe condition or mechanical or physical condition exist only because of faulting the part of persons. Fault of persons acquires from the environment and the causes for lack of knowledge or skills or improper attitude.
  443. Write a brief about classification of fire? They are mainly five types of fire. Class A Fire: Wood, paper, clothes, rubbers etc. Class B Fire: Oil, grease, paint, petroleum etc. Class C Fire: Acetylene, ethane, methane etc. Class D Fire: Sodium, magnesium, potassium etc. Class E Fire: Electrical equipment etc.
  444. Write uses of extinguisher for purpose?
  445. Water type extinguisher – Class A fire (not be B & E)
  446. Foam type extinguisher – Class B fire (S.B + A.S.= Co2)
  447. Carbon dioxide extinguisher Class C Fire
  448. DCP Extinguisher – Class C, D or E
  449. What precaution are necessary for protect of fires?
  450. Buildings and plants shall be so laid out and roads, passage ways etc.
  451. Doors and windows shall be located in suitable positions on all external walls of the building.
  452. Smoking lighting or carrying matches are to be prohibited
  453. Gas cylinders should not be stored near high flammable substances
  454. Flammable liquids shall be stored in suitable containers with close fitting covers.
  455. In every factory has to suitable fire fighting equipment
  456. All fire fighting equipment shall be subjected to routine maintenance inspection and testing by proper trained persons.
  457. Sufficient number of persons shall be trained in the proper handling of fire fighting equipment.
  458. Precaution for burn person?
  459. It fire catches a single person’s cloth; he should immediately roll on the floor.
  460. No lotion of any kind should be applied on the burn area
  461. In case of burns due to corrosive chemicals, the burn parts should be flooded with water
  462. The burn area should be covered with dry sterile dressing
  463. Physical shock of the person is treated by giving him weak tea or coffee
  464. In major cases the patient should be sent to hospital as quickly as possible
  465. Factory act? Sec.’6’ Registration of a factory Sec.’11’ Cleanliness Sec.’13’ Ventilation and temperature Sec.’17’ Lighting Sec.’18,19’ Drinking water and sanitary Sec.’23’ Employment of young person on dangerous mechanical Sec.’28’ Hoist and lifts Sec.’29’ Lifting machines and tackles Sec.35’ protection of eyes Sec.’36’ Precaution against danger fumes Sec.’36(A)’ Use of portable electric light Sec.’38’ Protection in case of fire Sec.’40(A)’ Maintenance of building Sec.40(B)’ Safety officers duty Sec.’45’ First aid boxes Sec.’111’ Obligation of workers
  466. Personal protective equipment’s? P.P.E
  467. Head protection - Hard hat, cap, and helmet Made – aluminum, PVC, fiber glass, Plastic Protect – heal, spark, danger materials
  468. Face and eye protection – Spectacles, Welding goggles, face shield Protect – flying particles, radiation
  469. Hand protection – Gloves, hand pads Made – leather, rubber, PVC, asbestos Protect – acid, oil grease, pure Alex rubber gloves electrical
  470. Foot and leg protection – Safety shoes, gum boots, foot leg guard Made – Metal, leather, rubber Project – falling materials and electrical work
  471. Body protection - Apron, hood, coverall, jacket Made rubber, leather canvas, lead, PVC asbestos Asbestos hood – Fire fighting Rubber, PVC full suit – ( Corrosively liquid, fumes, vapour Safety belts – work exceeds 3 mts
  472. Ear production – earmuff – noise – 30 – 135DB
  473. Ear plug – 115 – 120 DB
  474. What is safety management? Safety management is an art and science of setting safety objectives of the Industrial company and related activities of planning, administration, Improving, Various functions to achieve the safety objectives.
  475. What are the objectives of safety management?
  476. Taking care of workers and staff in the event of an accident
  477. Providing health full environment and surrounding
  478. Welfare
  479. Continuous vigil and improvement
  480. How many types of PPE? There are two types of PPE
  481. Respiratory 2. Non respiratory Respiratory --- Air supplied --- Air purified Air supplied --- Compressed air breathing apparatus set Air purified --- Cannisters gas mask ---- Chemical cartridges respirator Surgical cotton mask Dust filter mask (dust respirator)
  482. How many types work permit? There are two types of work permit
  483. Cold work permit
  484. Hot work permit The hot work permit further classified into 3 types Normal hot work permit Blanket hot work permit Delegate hot work permit
  485. What is blanket permit? A blanket permit is a permit issued on the basis of location where the multiple jobs are to be carried out at safe location.
  486. What is delegated work permit? Delegated work permit used for areas requiring light control. Ex: Fabrication, yards – valid – 30 days
  487. How many types of accidents? There are 4 types of accidents
  488. Near miss accident – escape
  489. No lost time reported 48hrs. before
  490. Los time – reported 48hrs. after
  491. Fated – Death
  492. Heinrich accident ratio? Major injury Minor injury No injury Bird accident ratio? Serious Minor Property damage No visible injury
  493. How to control risk? The risk is control by following process they are eliminate, replace, reduce, control and PPE.
  494. What are the hazards in chemical safety?
  495. Danger due to fire/ explosion
  496. Danger due to toxicity
  497. How to control the chemical hazards? The chemical hazards are control by engineering method, administrative method and PPE.
  498. Give a brief note about act related with session? The factory Act – 1948 Petroleum Act – 1934 The mines Act – 1952 Water Act – 1974 Automatic energy Act – 1962 Air Act – 1948 Railways Act – 1890 Workmen compensation Act – 1948 Employee’s state insurance Act – 1948
  499. What is first aid? Firs aid is temporary and immediate care given to the victim of an accident.
  500. What are the hazards in petroleum industry?
  501. Fire, 2. Explosion, 3. General hazards, 4. Frostbite
  502. How to control the petroleum hazards
  503. Proper design, operation and maintenance
  504. Avoid leakage
  505. Steel pressure cylinder
  506. Vapor release is to be directed away from heat sources
  507. Wear goggles and SCBA sets
  508. What are the causes of industrial accidents?
  509. Inadequate skill, improper supervision etc.
  510. Rapid industrialization
  511. Expansion of exiting factories
  512. Setting up new industries involving hazards not known earlier
  513. What are the responsibility for workers for safety?
  514. Report unsafe condition to supervisor
  515. Do not operate the machine without knowing the operation
  516. Before starting the machine, whether the machine is in condition not
  517. Use correct tools
  518. Follow the safety rules
  519. Always do not horse play
  520. Do not lift over load
  521. Do not chit on at with others
  522. What general precautions are necessary while driving?
  523. Follow all traffic rules, signs and signals
  524. Do not exceed the speed limit
  525. Take ten minute break after every 2 hours on long driving
  526. Drive in correct gear
  527. Keep both hand on steering wheel
  528. Do not drive if you are not filling well or feting sleep
  529. Slow down while passing junctions, corners, crowded places and parking
  530. What are cause of road accident?
  531. Not following defensive arriving techniques
  532. Not observing lane displine
  533. Overtaking on turns or from wrong side
  534. Not obey traffic signals
  535. Poor road condition
  536. Poor maintained vehicle
  537. What are belongs to road safety?
  538. The speed limits displayed along the road should be strictly
  539. Short cuts and cutting across the corners should be avoid
  540. No body should try to cross the level crossing when drop gates are closed
  541. Signal given blocking the road ‘ stop’ look, listen and proceed should be followed.
  542. What is factory act? The factory act is a social enactment to achieve social reform and given liberal construction to achieve legislative.
  543. What are main provision in the factory act? Health, safety, welfare, hours of work, employment, person, occupational disease, special provision and penalties and procedures.
  544. What the advantages of ventilation
  545. It helps to reduce the chances of fire or explosion
  546. It protects the occupational diseases
  547. It provides comfort to the workmen
  548. What the role of government in industrial safety? The Govt. responsible for protection workers, consumers from dangers at work, on the road, in the air in the water, from air and water pollution etc.
  549. How does the workers health influence? The workers health influences by occupational factors – physical, chemical, biological, social. Non occupational factors – food, cloth, water, housing, smoking & alcohol etc.
  550. How is audit conducted?
  551. Preliminary visit and understanding the factory
  552. Identify the audit element
  553. Prepare the questionnaire
  554. Get the reply from the company
  555. Discussion with management, executives & workers.
  556. Cross Verification at site
  557. Preparation of report. 119 What are the procedures for work permit? 3 copies of the permit At the work site. In the permit file On the permit board.
  558. How many types of appliance
  559. Safety appliance for PPE
  560. Safety appliance for general protection
  561. What are causes of accident of working at height (Personal)? a. Lack of knowledge and skill b. over work c. Feeling of dizziness d. Non usage of PPEs like safety belt cygnet e. Unsafe platform (Not covered having floor openings) f. Improper erecting g. Unlearning work at height?
  562. Control measure of work at height? i. Use safety belt with proper anchoring above head. ii. Special training must be given before starting the job. iii. All scaffolds must be erected by skill persons. iv. No work after sun set v. Every platform should free from unnecessary obstruction vi. Grease, mud, paint removed from working platform
  563. What is earthling? Earthling means connecting the natural point of the supply system to the general mass of the earth by line.
  564. What is ELCB? It is protection of living beings under electro charging by fast isolation from the live conductor to avoid permanent disability or death.
  565. Precaution for electric shock Use dry hard gloves & rubber sole, safety boots, gum boots The electric holder must be fully insulted Proper protection for the body During chipping of slag use white goggles
  566. What is term card It is legal requirements in case of emergency in violin vehicles carrying hazards substance.
  567. What are audit elements OS & H policy, educational training, safety manual and rules, new equipments, safety inspection, machine guarding, material handling safe operating procedures noise.
  568. What are five rules of forth job
  569. Select the right ladders forth job
  570. Inspect ladder before you see it
  571. Setup the ladder with care
  572. Climb in carefully
  573. Use safe practices
  574. What are 4 Ps Procedure – Rules, regulation Protective gear – PPE Promotional aspects – Competitions, rewards Publicity – Bulleting, posters
  575. How many types of sign boards Mandatory Information Fire or explosion Caution Wiring
  576. What is TWA? – for 8 Hrs. exposure per day. It is define as the limit of air bone concentration of substances under which personnel may be exposed for 8 hrs. per day without any adverse effect.
  577. What is STEL 0 for 15 minutes continuous exposure It is considered as maximum allowable concentration not to be exceeded at any time during 15 minutes continuous expose period. It is a maximum on concentration to which works or can be exposed to a period of to15 minutes continuously without suffering from irritation.
  578. What are the duties of a factory inspector? He takes up the license and registration of factories He also verify the documents related to factory workers He suggests suitable and welfare measures
  579. What are welfare measures of factory act? Adequate and suitable washing facilities should be provided Facilities for sitting during rest hours should be provided If more than 250 workers are employed in a factory a canteen facility shall be provided. Shelters rest rooms and drinking water shall be provided. Welfare officer shall be employed where than 50 workers are working.
  580. What is safety inventory system? It is a safety date collecting technique and carried out to promote full employee co-operation condition in the mplementation of the company’s safety surveys.
  581. What is safety surveys? Safety surveys are made to have detailed observations of all types of unsafe physical and environment conditions as well as unsafe practices committed the health and comfort or workers.
  582. what is industrial hygiene? Industrial hygiene is defined as the art and science of the presentation and improvement of the health and comfort of workers.
  583. What are belongs to un hygienic working environment? Presence of toxic, High temp. Excessive noise Emission of radiation Improper lighting Improper ventilation Process involving handling of poisonous.
  584. What is ingestion? Entry of harmful materials through mouth is called ingestion
  585. What is inhalation? Entry of harm full materials through mouth is called ingestion
  586. What are of four legs of fire safety? Fire protection Fire prevention Quantity control Preventive Maintenance
  587. What are the important points to be observed for fire prevention? Good house keeping No smoking Use of fire resistant paint Electrical safety Fire check doors Noked flame safety Separate storage of hazardous chemicals
  588. Safety Triangle – Green? Safety day – 4th March Fire Day – 14th April Hot Work – Red or pink Cold Work – Green Confined - Blue Radiography – Yellow Water type extinguisher – Red Foam type extinguisher – Cream (green) Co2 extinguisher Black DCR extinguisher Blue
  589. What is lathe? Lathe is an equipment use for cutting, threading, milling or facing etc.
  590. What is Noise? Up wanted sound which causes irritation to the ears caused by mechanical movement.
  591. What is respiration? The process of inhaling fresh hair and exhaling, to entering a confined place is called respiration.
  592. What is hot work permit? Any work which involves spark flame, temperature is called HWP
  593. What is cold work permit? Any work which does not involved production of spark flame, heat, temp. is called
  594. What A form on energy resulting from the existence of charged Parities by dynamically as a current. It requires for worker on electrical equipments, machinery, cables, switch boards, pumps and other distribution boards.
  595. What is radiography? It is conducted to check the welding joints for any blow holes defects through x-ray.
  596. What is vehicles / Mobile permit? The permit is required for taking any vehicle are mobile equipments having a diesel equipment having a diesel or petrol operated engine in to hazardous area.
  597. What are risks in vehicle permit?
  598. Sparks, 2. Accidents 3. Pollution
  599. Control measures of vehicles permit? Fitted spark arrester Speed 30 km./hours Proper warring lights No over load Correct parking Pollution check 3rd party inspection
  600. Control measures of radiography? Barricade the area Remove all un-necessary persons away from site Check radiation level with dosimeter Use lead shields Put a sign board Risk tissue damaged Use special filter glass Use lead coated aprons.(Eng Muhammad Naveed) Hse engineer

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